Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA) is in the midst of a $14 billion Capital Improvement Program at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), projected to last through 2023. The LAX modernization program is considered the largest public works program in the history of the City of Los Angeles. Begun in 2009, the overall program is expected to create more than 121,000 annual construction-related jobs.
The centerpiece of the program, the New Tom Bradley International Terminal (New TBIT) includes new aircraft gates and concourse areas, and a Great Hall for premier dining, retail and other guest amenities. The new terminal opened in September 2013. Also completed or well underway are several major airfield and facility projects, including a replacement Central Utility Plant, new taxiways and taxilanes, and major renovations and infrastructure upgrades in all of the other terminals.
The largest projects still to come include the Landside Access Modernization Program (LAMP) which will feature an Automated People Mover (APM), a Consolidated Rent-a-Car center (ConRAC), and a stop linking to the regional public rail system. Another major program is a new Midfield Satellite Concourse (MSC). Phase I of the state-of-the-art facility will open with 12 gates and be located in the central part of the LAX airfield, west of the Tom Bradley International Terminal.
Read on for a look at the future of LAX as it continues its extraordinary multi-billion dollar modernization.
TERMINAL 1 RENOVATION (2018)
The $515.8-million renovation of Terminal 1 will improve its interior, its outdoor aircraft parking ramp area, and the traffic flow through the Central Terminal Area. Terminal 1 opened in 1984 and is in need of modernization to accommodate the needs of a technology-rich world. The upgrades include: a new state-of-the-art, consolidated security screening checkpoint; a fully automated checked baggage inspection and sorting system; an integrated passenger waiting room/concessions program; refurbished arrivals/ baggage claim area; replacement of the passenger boarding bridges; renovations to airline support office space; relocation of the main entrances towards the west end of the building to ease traffic congestion; new ramp pavement and hydrant fuel system improvements. The project is expected to be completed in late 2018.
TERMINALS 7 & 8 RENOVATION (2018)
The $573-million renovation of Terminals 7 and 8 promises to deliver a superior experience for customers at LAX. When completed, the project will refurbish virtually all of its public space in the terminals and offer more of the conveniences and amenities that passengers value. The new look terminals and gate areas will feature a modern design with relaxed and inviting spaces, including a variety of comfortable seating options and abundant charging stations for travelers’ electronic devices. The expansive ticketing lobby will incorporate the latest technology such as selftagging baggage kiosks. These technologies, along with an upgraded security-screening checkpoint, will enable travelers to move quickly and efficiently from curb to gate. The project is expected to be completed in spring 2018.
ELEVATOR, ESCALATOR, & MOVING WALKWAY MODERNIZATION
This $270-million project will replace or refurbish 212 outdated systems with modern units throughout the airport. New escalators, elevators, and walkways will speed travelers to their gates and baggage-claim areas in a safe and efficient manner with energy-saving, sustainable technology.
IN-LINE BAGGAGE HANDLING & SCREENING SYSTEM PROGRAM
The In-Line Baggage Handling and Screening System Program will improve and automate the security screening of checked baggage at all LAX terminals and will make travel through LAX safer, faster and more convenient. The total cost of the program covering all nine LAX terminals is estimated at $613 million, with reimbursement expected to total $460 million from the Transportation Security Administration. LAWA is responsible for the projects at Terminal 3 and TBIT. The airlines in Terminals 1, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 will pay for their respective systems. The TBIT, T-2, T-3, T-5, T-6 and T-7-8 projects are completed.
CURBSIDE APPEAL PROJECT
The $118-million Curbside Appeal and Roadway Improvement Project will provide a new, dramatically upgraded look for LAX with the installation of modern LED street lighting, wayfinding components, and a new canopy for Terminal 4. The project will also include traffic safety and roadway improvement measures including an Upper/Departures Level retrofit and traffic improvements to World Way South and Center Way.
Runway Safety Area improvements have been mandated by Congress for all U.S airports. In order to comply with the federal mandate, LAX will need to close each of its four runways for construction. To limit the impact on operations, LAX will close one runway at a time to complete the necessary work, using the closures as an opportunity to also complete regular runway maintenance.